Celebrated Novelist Philip Roth Dies at 85

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Tributes have been paid to Philip Roth, the Pulitzer Prize-winning American author who has died at the age of 85. Zuckerman later reappears in The Counterlife (1986), where he seems to die of a heart attack and is resurrected afterwards.

His large body of work award Roth numerous prestigious awards and honors, including two National Book Critics Circle Awards, three PEN/Faulkner Awards, a WH Smith Literary Award and a Man Booker International Prize. But for Roth the American experience and the Jewish experience were often the same.

Philip Milton Roth was born on March 19, 1933, in Newark, New Jersey.

During a particularly fruitful period in his 60s, Roth returned to a number of those themes.

1997's American Pastoral won Roth his Pulitzer, and was adapted in 2016 to the big screen by Ewan McGregor, who played a father whose daughter becomes a terrorist in the 1960s.

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In a moment, William Brangham talks with a colleague and collaborator of Roth's. He received his Masters in English Literature from the University of Chicago in 1955; around the same time he published his first work, in the Chicago Review.

Here are some excerpts.

Roth retired from writing in 2012, but by no means fell into obscurity-indeed, his seemingly prescient imaginations of American politics only gained traction with the advent of Donald Trump's administration, particularly his 2004 novel The Plot Against America, which tells the story of aviator and Nazi sympathizer Charles Lindbergh's victory against Franklin Roosevelt in the 1940 presidential elections.

"No one I know of has foreseen an America like the one we live in today", he said.

Reportedly infuriated, Roth exacted revenge by caricaturing Bloom as a poisonous character in "I Married a Communist".

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The president of the Philip Roth Society, Aimee Pozorski, once said of Roth, "From the very beginning of his career, he has been deeply invested in representing the lives and fates of Jewish youth".

Barack Obama presents the National Humanities Medal to Roth during a ceremony at the White House in 2011.

Roth was the author of more than thirty books. And, in 2005, he became only the third living writer to have his books added to the Library of America.

"Roth's coarsest, frankest, and most exhilarating novel, Sabbath's Theater shows off Roth's linguistic verve, his brilliant characterisation, and his unparalleled ability to stare unblinkingly into the psyche of a depraved scoundrel", says Read It Forward, a website dedicated to all things literary.

In an interview in 1985, Roth thus defined essential question on which it rotated like its literature: "It is tension between hunger of personal freedom and forces of inhibition", it said alluding to struggle of contemporary individual with traditional corsets and Personal.

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The topics Roth wrote about included the Jewish experience in America, promiscuous male sexuality, and the hypocrisy and disillusionment of American political life since the 1940s.